Information one should know
The Australian government has been addressing the disparities between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Indigenous Australians through an initiative known as ‘Closing the Gap’.
This strategy involves several key targets which may have been revised or expanded upon since my last update. Here are the general focus areas based on my training data:
Healthcare: Improve access to healthcare services and address specific health concerns in Aboriginal communities, such as chronic diseases, infant mortality, and mental health.
Education: Enhance the educational attainment of Indigenous students at all levels, from early childhood to tertiary education.
Employment: Increase employment opportunities for Indigenous peoples, emphasising equal pay for equal work.
Life expectancy: Address the life expectancy gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians by focusing on healthcare interventions and prevention measures.
Economic participation: Improve economic conditions within Indigenous communities and increase their involvement in the national economy.
Housing: Address housing affordability, safety, and overcrowding issues in Indigenous communities.
Community safety: Enhance the security of Indigenous communities, focusing on reducing rates of family violence, imprisonment, and child protection involvement.
These broad targets are approached through various policies, programs, and community engagement strategies. In partnership with Indigenous organisations, the Australian government continually reviews and adjusts these strategies to ensure their effectiveness.
We must check the most current information from official Australian government sources or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peak bodies for the latest updates and strategies.
Cost $80 for employed persons and $60 for unemployed persons and children. If you wish to apply for an Aboriginal passport, you must be Aboriginal and able to provide proof of Aboriginality. You can download the application form HERE to apply and view all requirements.
Passport application requirements
- How long does it take to get a passport?
- Why can’t I lodge my application form online?
- Do I need to provide an original document or will a certified copy or extract do?
- Who can be the emergency contact person?
- I have a senior’s card, can I have a concessional passport?
- I don’t speak English well. Can I use an interpreter at my passport interview?
Using your passport
- Do I need six months of validity left on my passport before I can travel from and then re-enter Australia?
- My passport is nearly full but is valid for another four years, is it possible to add extra pages?
- How do I find information on whether I need a visa and how to get one?
- A member of my family died recently, and their passport is not due to expire for some time. What should I do?
- I am a dual citizen. Are there any restrictions on what passports I may have or use?
- If I’m a dual national, can I depart/return to Australia on my foreign passport rather than my Australian one?
- I misplaced my passport and it was handed into the Passport Office and cancelled. Why can’t it be reinstated?
- FAQs – Information for reportable offenders
- APPLY HERE FOR A PASSPORT
Can a DNA test prove Aboriginality?
DNA tests cannot definitively prove Aboriginality, although they can provide some evidence of Indigenous ancestry.
Aboriginality, particularly in the context of Australian Indigenous peoples, is often based on a combination of factors. It is typically defined by self-identification, community acceptance, and descent from an Indigenous group.
The descent element might be where people consider genetic testing, but there are significant limitations to consider:
- Limited Reference Data: Most DNA testing companies have limited reference data from Indigenous Australian groups, affecting the results’ accuracy.
- Lineage Tracing: Commercial DNA tests commonly trace only a tiny portion of your ancestry. For example, paternal line tests only follow a direct male line (your father, his father, and so on), and maternal line tests follow a direct female line (your mother, her mother, and so on). This means they ignore most of your ancestry and could easily miss Indigenous ancestry through other lines.
- Mixed Ancestry: Over generations, people have children with those from different groups, resulting in mixed ancestry. A person could have Indigenous ancestry but have inherited more DNA from non-Indigenous ancestors, meaning a DNA test might not show the Indigenous heritage.
DNA tests can potentially indicate that you have Indigenous ancestors. However, they are not considered valid proof of Aboriginality, especially without the self-identification and community acceptance aspects. It is always essential to understand the limitations of DNA testing when determining ancestry or heritage.
At Djaambi, we consider the following to be factual,
An Australian Aboriginal genome does not exist, and therefore to even propose that a test is possible is scientifically inaccurate
There’s no distinct “Australian Aboriginal genome.” Human genetics are complex and don’t map neatly into societal definitions of race or ethnicity.
Certain genetic variations might be more common in Indigenous Australians, but their presence can’t definitively establish Aboriginality.
Aboriginality is not solely a matter of genetics. It encompasses cultural, societal, and historical factors as well.
Therefore, a DNA test cannot definitively prove Aboriginality. It’s scientifically inaccurate to suggest otherwise.